2. The structure
The minstrel show, as it was established by the 'Christy Minstrels'
and copied by all the other minstrel troupes in the 50s and 60s, consisted
of two large parts. The first part started with the entry march of the
whole company until the typical semi-circular line-up was reached. The
Interlocutor, who served as the master of ceremony, always had the centre
position; Tambo and Bones, the other two main characters, were at the two
ends of the line-up and therefore called 'endmen'. The entry march was
followed by joking exchanges between the Interlocutor and the endmen and
a series of comic and sentimental songs. The first part concluded with
a walk-around, which was later called 'cake-walk'; a dance where each member
of the company did a kind of specialty act in the middle of the semi-circle.
This walk-around was a very characteristic feature of the minstrel show.
The second part, which was also called 'olio', was a kind of miscellaneous
section. It offered a lot of different specialty acts, which comprised
various acrobatic, musical and dance performances, 'wench numbers' and
all kinds of novelties, and was very close to variety shows and vaudeville.
But the stump speech was the distinctive feature of this part of the show.
At the end of the second part the so-called 'afterpiece' was performed.
In the early days this was mostly a scene set on a Southern plantation.
But it also could be a burlesque of some classical drama (Shakespearean
plays were quite frequently used) or a short farce of a contemporary play.
Here the whole company again was involved, and so the afterpiece could
be called the climax of each minstrel show.